How to organize and implement the different missions of a group of combatants? How does the group leader define the objectives and the protocols to be applied? How can a constituted group or a pair of isolated combatants ensure its autonomy and remain proactive, even separated from its leaders and its base? We will discover (and for some rediscover) the elementary acts of the combatant in direct contact with the enemy, through a simple explanation & a set of diagrams (coordination, articulation, reflex acts, various commands…).
In addition to the technical aspect of the document and the presentation of a set of diagrams which will make it possible to have at your fingertips a useful "memo" which can be adapted to the different scenarios you may be faced with, this extract from TTA 150 (edited by the French armies) is intended to be a perfect basis for establishing the training plan for combatants (from the soldier to the group leader), to instill in him the bases of the infantry, and, more generally, to make him aware of his quality of warrior.
In the preamble, a reminder of the "obligations" (in quotes since the achievement of a warrior and his ability to go to the end is a set of factors) of the fighter and his leader. It is interesting to note that a small paragraph lists the obligations undertaken by France under the Geneva Conventions (even if the context of a civil conflict on its own territory does not easily lend itself to compliance with the obligations in question).
The following three chapters indicate (and differentiate) the “reflex acts”, the “elementary acts” and the main missions of the pair. It is on this part (modest in volume) that the trainers will concentrate the first modules of the training plan, with in particular:
- Move, position yourself & use your weapons
- Navigate in time and space
- Provide intelligence and keep in touch with his boss and base
- Shelter, hide and hide
- Defend yourself, secure a point or area
- Cross the lights and keep the fire rolling
Then come “good practices” and basic protocols that allow the command of a team, a group (a group being a set of teams - from 2 to 4) or a section. We go over the intrinsic qualities of a leader to focus on one of the major aspects of an optimal group: its mobility and its ability to be autonomous (in its decisions at the tactical scale, in its logistical support …). The emphasis is (with diagrams) on one of the main missions of a group, the patrol. How to ensure the movement of men, how to modify it according to the imperatives of the ground or the detection of hostile elements, how to ensure an efficient and simple chain of command ...
The specificities specific to the NRBC or the anti-aircraft (which are outlined in the document) are not essential concerns of a formed militia which does not have the means of a national army, neither in logistical terms, nor in the capacity to fight. reaction. Nevertheless, the recommendations of this document can be transposed through the prism of technologies and chemical or biological elements which would inevitably be used in the event of a collapse of normality: drones, IEDs, weedkillers, improvised incendiary bombs ... And train men to the consideration of this type of threat. In addition, this type of risk recalls a key element: a hostile is a hostile, it is essential not to underestimate a force that is opposed to you.
Logistic ! We have already discussed this absolute, this holy grail of any fighter, without whom nothing is possible. In general articulated and implemented at a higher level, the configuration of a militia engaged in a civil conflict must make it the main preoccupation (after the combat itself) of the "section" leader - or of the constituted group which is formed. approximates a section in volume. Each action must be the subject of a prior check of the means implemented, depending on:
- Expected duration of mission before return to base
- The type of mission - and therefore the risk potential
- Physical constraints suffered by the group
- Of the "comfort margin" that it is reasonable to take
- And of course the nature of the land borrowed
The end of the document presents a very interesting diagram: “low intensity” combat in a crisis phase - either after civil peace and before a total collapse of normality, with a technical approach to search, checkpoint & control. This type of "police" work refers us to the works of Colonel Trinquier and Captain Galula (to read for the "late" to reread for "those who have forgotten".
In short, safety, reconnaissance, logistics, defense, zone ban, the chain of command, the ability to be autonomous… Happy reading!